The Causes of Wrinkles
As we age, the skin tends to lose its elasticity and firmness maintained by two fundamental proteins Collagen and Elastin. Fibroblasts are the cells that have the task of producing these proteins. When the skin aging process begins, the number of fibroblasts gradually begins to decrease, as does the production of collagen and elastin. Furthermore, the work of the fibroblasts can be affected by various factors:
- MICROCIRCULATION ALTERATION. Blood vessels dilate and lose elasticity. Consequently they do not supply the necessary oxygen and nourishment to the cells which slow down the fibroblasts which do not produce the right amounts of Collagen and Elastin.
- UV RAYS AND FREE RADICALS. Excessive exposure to the sun without protection causes photoaging which generates the production of free radicals. Thus a degenerative process of the fibroblasts is started.
- DEHYDRATION. As we age, the skin gradually loses its ability to hold water. As a result, the skin begins to be drier and less elastic on the surface and is predisposed to the formation of small wrinkles. We can therefore say that dehydration is like stepping on the accelerator of skin aging.
- ALCOHOL AND SMOKING. Alcohol causes dilation and a loss of elasticity of the capillaries causing a decrease in the nutrient supply to the cells and the formation of wrinkles. Smoking causes vasoconstriction which contracts blood vessels, accelerating the skin aging process.
The Types of Wrinkles
EXPRESSION WRINKLES. Expression lines are the easiest to spot and are the ones that develop first. They are the result of the continuous contraction of the facial muscles during mimic expressions. The areas where they tend to develop most are: the sides of the nose, on the forehead, between the eyebrows, on the sides of the eyes, around the mouth and on the upper lip. Some examples are “crow’s feet”, the “barcode” and nasolabial lines (between the mouth and the nose).
ACTINIC WRINKLES. Actinic wrinkles are those caused by the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays on the skin. They are more visible in areas most exposed to the sun and even if they are more evident in elderly subjects, they can also be developed early. For example, for professional reasons some people may be exposed to the sun for many hours. Actinic wrinkles are recognized because they are very evident and give the skin a “parchment” appearance.
GRAVITATIONAL WRINKLES. Gravitational wrinkles, as the name suggests, are caused by the action of gravity on the skin during the aging phase. They are in turn divided into different categories depending on the area where they form: Latero-chin pouches, Labio-geniene, Naso-geniene, Superciliary ptosis (eyebrow sagging), Blepharocalasis (upper eyelid relaxation), Mandibular descent or “double chin”.
Beauty Specific Zones
The remedies for wrinkles
It begins with careful prevention in keeping the skin well hydrated and applying sunscreen before sun exposure to limit or delay the appearance of blemishes caused by the appearance of wrinkles. Then there are effective remedies that help reduce or completely eliminate the blemishes.
In the advanced aesthetics sector we find treatments performed with professional machinery. These include Radiofrequency and Transdermal Delivery.
In the field of cosmetic surgery, however, there are many invasive treatments. From classic facelifts, to botox injections up to lasers and dermabrasion. The results of these techniques are immediate in most cases but also far from natural. The costs per session are also very high.
Cosmetics are essential both in the prevention and in the treatment of wrinkles. The choice of a cosmetic must be well thought out according to the needs of your skin and it is necessary to be very constant in the application to obtain optimal results.
LABO with the Fillerina 12 Double Filler Patent has created a line of dermo-cosmetic treatments to be done at home, dedicated to the action on wrinkles present in the areas of the Eyes and Eyelids, Neck and Decollete, Cheekbones and Cheekbones. 12 molecules of Hyaluronic Acid with high penetration Transdermal Technology. Filling, revitalizing and anti-wrinkle effect thanks to the deep penetration of the active ingredients. The filler effect without the use of needles with a high-precision steel tip applicator that allows you to apply the product directly to the areas of interest. The line for specific areas is also diversified according to the levels of need.